The shoin-zukuri (literally, “shoin style”) is characterized by a new modesty of scale (forced on the aristocracy by loss of income); asymmetry and an irregular flowing together of masses that created a more compact dwelling; and the use of solid wall construction and sliding screens (see shoji).
- 1 What is shoin design?
- 2 What is shoin style architecture?
- 3 Which kinds of architecture are developments of the Shoin style?
- 4 How did Momoyama architecture affect art?
- 5 What is a shoin Zukuri made out of?
- 6 What was the Shoen system?
- 7 What is monozukuri philosophy?
- 8 What is Genkan English?
- 9 What does Zukuri mean?
- 10 How did the Muromachi period start?
- 11 What is a Japanese Tokonoma?
- 12 Which of the following are characteristic of the shoin rooms of the Momoyama period?
- 13 What characteristics describe haniwa?
- 14 What was the Momoyama period known for?
What is shoin design?
shoin, in Japanese domestic architecture, desk alcove that projects onto the veranda and has above it a shoji window made of latticework wood covered with a tough, translucent white paper. The shoin is one of the formative elements of, and lends its name to, the shoin style of Japanese domestic architecture.
What is shoin style architecture?
Shoin (書院, drawing room or study) is a type of audience hall in Japanese architecture that was developed during the Muromachi period. The term originally meant a study and a place for lectures on the sūtra within a temple, but later it came to mean just a drawing room or study.
Which kinds of architecture are developments of the Shoin style?
Shoin-zukuri (書院造) is a style of Japanese residential architecture used in the mansions of the military, temple guest halls, and Zen abbot’s quarters of the Azuchi–Momoyama (1568–1600) and Edo periods (1600–1868). It forms the basis of today’s traditional-style Japanese house.
How did Momoyama architecture affect art?
How did Momoyama architecture affect art? Ornate palaces required paintings. paper-covered sliding doors. came to be heavily fortified garrisons with maze-like access.
What is a shoin Zukuri made out of?
shoin, in Japanese domestic architecture, desk alcove that projects onto the veranda and has above it a shoji window made of latticework wood covered with a tough, translucent white paper.
What was the Shoen system?
A shōen (荘園 or 庄園, shōen) was a field or manor in Japan. The shōen system passed out of existence around the middle of the 15th century, when villages became self-governing units, owing loyalty to a feudal lord (daimyō) who subdivided the area into fiefs and collected a fixed tax.
What is monozukuri philosophy?
Monozukuri underlines that manufacturing should be in harmony with nature and should be of value to the society. When an item or human effort is used, there needs to be a benefit for the society and, at the same time, the balance between production, resources and the society should be maintained.
What is Genkan English?
Genkan (玄関) are traditional Japanese entryway areas for a house, apartment, or building, a combination of a porch and a doormat. The primary function of genkan is for the removal of shoes before entering the main part of the house or building.
What does Zukuri mean?
“-作り” (“-zukuri”) is a suffix which comes from the verb 作る (tsukuru) which means “ to make, to manufacture, to grow ”. This suffix is used in several expressions to mean something which is created or made.
How did the Muromachi period start?
The period marks the governance of the Muromachi or Ashikaga shogunate (Muromachi bakufu or Ashikaga bakufu), which was officially established in 1338 by the first Muromachi shōgun, Ashikaga Takauji, two years after the brief Kenmu Restoration (1333–1336) of imperial rule was brought to a close.
What is a Japanese Tokonoma?
tokonoma, alcove in a Japanese room, used for the display of paintings, pottery, flower arrangements, and other forms of art. Household accessories are removed when not in use so that the tokonoma found in almost every Japanese house, is the focal point of the interior.
Which of the following are characteristic of the shoin rooms of the Momoyama period?
This room’s large size, with its capacious tokonoma filling one wall and its gold-leafed doors defining the others, is characteristic of the grand rooms of the Momoyama era in temples and aristocratic mansions as well as in the ostentatious castles of the newly risen war lords.
What characteristics describe haniwa?
Haniwa vary from 1 to 5 feet (30 to 150 cm) in height, the average being approximately 3 feet (90 cm) high. The human figures were often decorated with incised geometric patterns and pigments of white, red, and blue.
What was the Momoyama period known for?
With the decline of Ashikaga power in the 1560s, the feudal barons, or daimyos, began their struggle for control of Japan. The ensuing four decades of constant warfare are known as the Momoyama (Peach Hill) period.